Association for Law and Advocacy for Pastoralists


1. Climate Change, REDD+ and the Environment

Since its inception, ALAPA has made notable influence in the area of Climate Change and REDD+ discussions hence making it both a trusted  and competent defender of indigenous pastoralists and hunter gatherers’ rights as they relate to climate change and its impacts in Tanzania (Please visit our downloads sections for journal articles and other updates).

In view of the above, ALAPA has successfully assessed, opined and commented on the compatibility of the various climate change and REDD+ related programmes with indigenous peoples rights and standards in different fora nationally and internationally. It has also successfully used the various avenues to articulate pastoralists and hunter gatherers’ vulnerability to climate change and its impacts, including policy measures for its mitigation.

For example, following successful lobby, ALAPA has been appointed to represent Pastoralists and Hunter Gatherer Organizations in Tanzania in the Legal, Governance and Safeguards Unit of the National REDD+ Technical Working Group of the Government of Tanzania.

Similarly, a staff member  of ALAPA served as the elected Indigenous Peoples of Africa’s representative to the Policy Board of the United Nations REDD Program. In addition, a staff  member of ALAPA served as a member of the Technical Advisory Panel (TAP) of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) of the World Bank . Among other things, he took part in Reviewing the Readiness Preparation Proposal of the Government of Tanzania.

2. Human Rights


In addition to other United Nations human rights mechanisms as well as domestic processes, ALAPA, operating under the  Coalition of Pastoralist and Hunter Gatherer Organizations has managed to make use of the new human rights protection mechanism called Universal Periodic Review (UPR).

ALAPA kick-started indigenous peoples engagement by simplifying the concepts through production of leaflets in Swahili (the national language). The leaflets imparted both the correct understanding of the processes as well as the desire to engage.  In turn, many organizations were motivated to make use of the mechanism (please visit the downloads section for a copy of the swahili leaflet).

The coalition  produced a stakeholders’ report which was sent to the Human Rights Council in Geneva. The stakeholder’ report in question was used as the basis for reviewing Tanzania’s human rights record. Unfortunately, the government of Tanzania did not accept any recommendation touching on the rights of indigenous peoples.


Tanzania is currently in the process of enacting a new Constitution. Under this framework, ALAPA has been on the front line articulating matters that are important for the future of pastoralism and which should be included in the proposed supreme law of the land.  In order to kick-start the processes, ALAPA, in collaboration with PINGOs Forum, organized a meeting on “50 YEARS  OF PASTORALISTS AND HUNTER GATHERERS’ STRUGGLES FOR LAND RIGHTS: EXAMINING CHALLENGES AND THE PROPOSED NEW CONSTITUTION AS A WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY FOR THE WAY FORWARD”.

The above meeting resulted in the formation of Pastoralists and hunter Gatherers Katiba Initiative (KAi). This is a coalition of Pastoralists and hunter gatherers organizations committed to keeping an eye on the processes leading to the promulgation of the new supreme law of the land. The main objective is to ensure that pastoralists’ and hunter-gatherers’ issues are taken on board the proposed new mother law.

In the furtherance of the above objective, ALAPA seats in the steering committee of KAi and it is charged with the provision of  technical guidance through publications (including newspapers articles), workshops, and seminars  for the purposes of provoking discussions and provide inputs into the ongoing discussions (please see our downloads section for news papers articles articulating various issues of interest to pastoralists and hunter-gatherers on the proposed new constitution).

In collaboration with other members of KAi, ALAPA also conducts civic education and capacity building to pastoralists and hunter gatherers as well as their organizations. ALAPA’s main role has therefore been to raise the awareness of stakeholders, in particular pastoral and hunter gatherer organizations and enable them contribute more effectively in the on going processes.


On daily basis as needs arise, ALAPA in collaboration with its partners and volunteer lawyers provides legal assistance including legal opinions and court representation to pastoralists and hunter gatherers on a broad range of issues including land and investments, crimes, employment and labor relations and contracts. ALAPA also assists in the registration of Community Based Organizations and Non Governmental Organizations for Pastoralists and Hunter Gatherers.